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(1905 - 1959)
He was born in Vienna, but moved to Paris in 1928, where he joined the Abstraction Creation Group, and later the surrealist group in 1935. He invented "fumage," which he ussed in such pictures as Magnetic storms (1938) and Sunspots (1938). He went to Mexico in 1939 and founded the Dynaton movement with Lee Mullican and Gordon Onslow-Ford. The movement was based on the Greek word "dynaton," meaning "possible." Every painting had to have a theme, and special value was even placed on the individual colors used in the painting. They published a review called Dyn from 1924 to 1944. Paalen returned to Paris in 1951 and renewed his association with the surrealists, but no longer believed in the virtues of automatism.