A history of surrealism, surreal art, and the artists involved in the surrealist art movement. A definitive history of the surrealist movement.

Name: Alberto Giacometti
Year of Birth & Death: (1901 - 1966)
Biography: Born in Switzerland, Giacometti began to paint in 1913 and sculpt in 1914. He stayed at the Ecole des Artes et Metiers in Geneva for a short while in 1919, then moved on to Italy, where he copied antiques and did portraits. He went to Paris in 1922, where he studied Bourdelle at the Academie de las Grande Chaumiere until 1925. He joined up with Michel Leiris and Andre Masson in 1928. It was then he became a member of the surrealist group. This membership lasted from 1930 to 1935. His sculpture had a great influence on the surrealist idea of the object. In 1932, his first one-man show was held at the Galerie Pierre Cole in Paris. After breaking with the surrealist group, he remained close friends with Andre Derain, and he did not exhibit from 1935 to 1947. After the war, he formed an existentialist association, and he worked with Jean Genet, who later wrote L’Atelier de Giacometti (1954). Giacometti painted and sculpted, but after 1956, never finished these works. He won the Grand Prix for sculpture at Venice Biennale in 1962.

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